Public Health Developments in Colonial Malaya: Colonialism and the Politics of Prevention
American Journal of Public Health. 1999 Jan; 89(1): 102-107.
In both African and Asian colonies until the late 19th century, colonial medicine operated pragmatically to meet the medical needs first of colonial officers and troops, immigrant settlers, and laborers responsible for economic development, then of indigenous populations when their ill health threatened the well-being of the expatriate population. Since the turn of the century, however, the consequences of colonial expansion and development for indigenous people's health had become increasingly apparent, and disease control and public health programs were expanded in this light. These programs increased government surveillance of populations at both community and household levels. As a consequence, colonial states extended institutional oversight and induced dependency through public health measures. Drawing on my own work on colonial Malaya, I illustrate developments in public health and their links to the moral logic of colonialism and its complementarity to the political economy.
Colonialism; Disease; Discrimination; Economics; Females; Goals; Government; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Indigenous Populations; Infants; International Aspects; Males; Maternal Health; Medicine; Morbidity; Mortality; Political Systems; Politics; Preventive Medicine; Public Health; Socioeconomic Factors;
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