Ethical Considerations in International HIV Vaccine Trials: Summary of a Consultative Process Conducted by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
Journal of Medical Ethics. 2000 Feb; 26(1): 37-43.
Research that is initiated, designed or funded by sponsor agencies based in countries with relatively high social and economic development, and conducted in countries that are relatively less developed, gives rise to many important ethical challenges. Although clinical trials of HIV vaccines began ten years ago in the US and Europe, an increasing number of trials are now being conducted or planned in other countries, including several that are considered "developing" countries. Safeguarding the rights and welfare of individuals participating as research subjects in developing countries is a priority. In September, 1997, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) embarked on a process of international consultation; its purpose was further to define the important ethical issues and to formulate guidance that might facilitate the ethical design and conduct of HIV vaccine trials in international contexts. This paper summarises the major outcomes of the UNAIDS consultative process.
Aids; Bioethical Issues; Clinical Trials; Consensus; Control Groups; Counseling; Cultural Pluralism; Consultation; Developing Countries; Discrimination; Ethical Review; Ethics; Guidelines; Health; Health Services; Health Services Accessibility; Human Experimentation; Immunization; International Aspects; Justice; Medicine; Moral Obligations; Nontherapeutic Research; Organizations; Patient Care; Placebos; Prevalence; Preventive Medicine; Research; Research Design; Research Ethics; Research Subjects; Review; Rights; Socioeconomic Factors; Stigmatization; Therapeutic Research; Vaccines; Values; Volunteers; World Health;
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Ethical Considerations in International HIV Vaccine Trials: Summary of a Consultative Process Conducted by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Guenter, Dale; Esparza, Jose; Macklin, Ruth (2000-02)
HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: International Guidelines. the Results of the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, Geneva, 23-25 September 1996. Organized Jointly by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner For Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Unknown author (UNAIDS: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 1998)
Convergent Ethical Issues in HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Vaccine Trials in Africa: Report From the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme's Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre Consultation, 10-11 February 2009, Durban, South Africa Mamotte, Nicole; Wassenaar, Douglas; Koen, Jennifer; Essack, Zaynab (2010)BACKGROUND: Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce ...