Ethics Consultation on Demand: Concepts, Practical Experiences and a Case Study
Journal of Medical Ethics. 2000 Jun; 26(3): 198-203.
Despite the increasing interest in clinical ethics, ethics consultation as a professional service is still rare in Europe. In this paper I refer to examples in the United States. In Germany, university hospitals and medical facilities are still hesitant about establishing yet another "committee." One of the reasons for this hesitation lies in the ignorance that exists here about how to provide medical ethics services; another reason is that medical ethics itself is not yet institutionalised at many German universities. The most important obstacle, however, may be that medical ethics has not yet demonstrated its relevance to the needs of those caring for patients. The Centre for Ethics and Law, Freiburg, has therefore taken a different approach from that offered elsewhere: clinical ethics consultation is offered on demand, the consultation being available to clinician(s) in different forms. This paper describes our experiences with this approach; practical issues are illustrated by a case study.
Autonomy; Beneficence; Biomedical Technologies; Caring; Case Studies; Clinical Ethics; Competence; Critically Ill; Consultation; Decision Making; Dissent; Economics; Ethicist's Role; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Consultation; Family Members; Family Relationship; Forms; Hospitals; Justice; Law; Life; Medical Ethics; Medicine; Moral Policy; Nurses; Patient Care; Patient Care Team; Patients; Physicians; Professional Family Relationship; Program Descriptions; Prolongation of Life; Terminally Ill; Uncertainty; Universities; Values; Withholding Treatment;
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