Can't Buy Me Love (for Teaching)? An Analysis of the Teaching Career in the City of Buenos Aires
Teachers are considered one of the most important factors to improve educational quality (Odden, 1992; Alexander and Salmon, 1995; Ferguson and Ladd, 1996; Morduchowicz and Marcón, 1996; Darling-Hammond, 1999 and 2003; Santiago, 2002; Unesco's Bureau of Education for Latin America (OREALC) / United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2005; Vaillant, 2008; Vegas and Petrow, 2008; Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2009; Hanushek, 2010). In different countries, teacher salaries represent the bulk of education spending: staff compensation adds up to between 70% and 90% of the sector's resources (Alexander and Salmon, 1995; Swanson and King, 1997; Morduchowicz, 2004). It is not surprising that a considerable amount of the economics of education literature focuses on the regulations and characteristics of the teaching career which consists of the norms that regulate recruiting, hiring, professional development, and firing (Santiago, 2002). Can the design of the teachers' career structure influence the quality of teachers and therefore improve educational quality?This study analyzes the teachers' career structure in the City of Buenos Aires with a focus on economic and political studies in order the shed light on the current state of the academic and policy discussion. After describing a) the state of the art of the teachers' career structure academic and policy-oriented literature, and b) analyzing the design of the teaching career in the City of Buenos Aires; it shows that the current framework has positive aspects and negative aspects. Although the rules of the game are clear, a) the incentives are such that teachers must occupy school management positions in order to obtain a higher salary; and b) the teachers' evaluation only matters for promotion.
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Impact Analysis of the Action Plan in the Implementation Phase of a Public Supplementary Education Policy: Case Study of Socio-Educational Orientation Centers in the City of Buenos Aires Mier, Stephan (Georgetown University, 2018)Implementation is a relatively new sphere of public policy analysis. Having started in the late 1960’s. This sphere is defined as the set of processes after the political decision phase that are aimed at the concrete ...