THE BURDEN OF WAR: SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUNDS OF THE U.S. MILITARY POST 9/11
This study looks at the socioeconomic backgrounds of U.S. military recruits and casualties after 9/11. I aggregate data from the Department of Defense and the U.S. Census Bureau into 3-digit Zip Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTA). I then use Ordinary Least Squares regressions to determine casualty rates and recruitment rates, controlling for such factors as race, ethnicity, income, and education. I find that it is not poor, heavily minority communities that are suffering the most from the wars, but largely white, middle-class communities. I also find that white Hispanics are overrepresented in combat-related jobs within the military and, as a result, suffer a disproportionately high casualty rate while African Americans suffer a disproportionately low casualty rate.
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