Access to Finance: The Effect of Financial Constraints on Private Firms' Performances in China
Kern, Andreas T.
A bulk of literature has demonstrated the importance of financial markets to countries' economic development. This thesis studies the influence of financial markets by exploring the effect of firms' access to finance on their performances. Running a linear regression model on the data of 2,700 private firms in China from 2011 to 2012, this thesis finds that obstacles to firms' access to finance have a significantly negative impact on firms' performances. Particularly, the negative effect matters more for SMEs, firms solely owned by males, and non-exporters. In addition, the adverse effect of firms' financial constraints still exists even with alternative measurements of firms' performances and various aspects of financial constraints. The empirical findings suggest that financial reforms aimed at improving private firms' financial access would be of great importance to China. Possible policy solutions include reducing government controls, promoting inter-bank competition, encouraging diversified financial institutions, and improving intangible infrastructures.
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