Getting Back to Society: The Relationship of Distance Settled from a Military Installation to Veteran Reintegration Success
America's military veterans are a diverse group of people living all across the nation. This paper seeks to determine if where veterans settle matters to their success as civilians. The idea that many veterans choose to remain close to military and veteran communities, further distancing themselves from larger society, is a concern for the continued success of the All-Volunteer Force. This paper uses a linear probability analysis of United States Census data to identify if the distance veterans settle from military installations is a significant predictor of success. I use participation in community organizations as a measure of success as this demonstrates a level of comfort participating in the new community and is an important method for sharing the realities of military service with potential recruits. The results support the hypothesis that as distance from a military installation increases predicted participation in community organizations increases. These results recommend a shift in transition assistance programs from a focus on employment to a focus on getting transitioning service-members to the right location for them, possibly further from a military installation than they might seek on their own.
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