EFFECTS OF CHILDCARE LEAVE POLICY ON MALES' CHILDCARE PARTICIPATION AND FERTILITY IN JAPAN
This paper investigates the effectiveness of a legislated change in a childcare leave policy for Japanese government officials beginning in 2002. By utilizing data from the Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities from Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, the paper empirically examines the changes in fathers' childcare participation and household's incentive on childbirth in Japan. Childcare activities include taking care of children's group, child-raising support, or manning bullying hot lines, i.e. - changing diapers for infants, taking care of infants, playing with children and education for children. In Japan, the rate of fathers' childcare participation remains at a low level, while mothers play the major role in childcare activities. However, I find that there was a growing trend for males' childcare participation during the 2001-2006 period. The legislated change influenced Japanese males parents' childcare participation, especially for couples in which both of the parents were working as fulltime, but did not rigorously increase their commitment in terms of time. Among those with both parents working, I find statistically significant evidence that the legislated change increased the probability of having a youngest child under five over the period. From these econometric analyses, I reconfirm cooperative behavior of Japanese husbands to engage in childcare activities, provided their childcare leave eligibility is extended. These findings indicate that employers in both private and public sectors will introduce more suitable work-life-balance policies so that they may become a powerful countermeasure for Japan's declining fertility rate for the next generation.
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THE EFFECTS OF LOWER-THAN-REPLACEMENT FERTILITY AND AGING SOCIETIES ON GDP PER CAPITA IN DEVELOPED NATIONS: A REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF JAPAN, FRANCE, AND ITALY Teamey, Kipp; Teamey, Kipp (2006-04-18)With the exception of the United States, fertility rates across the developed world have been below the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman since the 1970s. This phenomenon, coupled with increasing life spans, has ...