The conundrum of collaboration: Japanese involvement with Muslims in North China, 1931-1945
Hammond, Kelly Anne
This dissertation argues that Chinese Muslims living under occupation who collaborated with the Japanese were actively involved in creating an on-going dialogue between the Japanese Empire and the Chinese Nationalists about strategies for managing minority populations on the mainland. The dissertation describes some of the ways which the Japanese transformed the social and political milieu in which Islam operated in North China and argues that the Japanese approach ultimately shaped the minority policies of both Nationalist and later Communist governments in China. More broadly, the dissertation demonstrates that twentieth-century projects of nation and state building in China have shaped (and reshaped) people’s understanding of the place of Islam in Chinese society and the place of Muslims from China in the Islamic world.The dissertation contributes to the scholarship on Modern East Asia in three ways. While the idea of wartime collaboration of Chinese with the Japanese continues to be an important area of research, I draw attention to a historically important minority group in China who made the choice to work with their Japanese occupiers. By showcasing the experience of Muslims living under occupation, my work refutes claims that there was anything resembling a cohesive Muslim resistance during the war. Secondly, the dissertation contributes to the on-going demystification of war in twentieth-century China by bringing to light some of the everyday experiences of Muslims living under occupation. Thirdly, by focusing on Japanese policies, Nationalist responses and Chinese Muslims themselves, the dissertation examines hitherto unconsidered political and social outcomes of WWII on minority populations in China. Taken as a whole, the project adds to both the understanding of the experiences of war in East Asia and to re-thinking the place of Muslims from China in the broader nexus of global Islam in the twentieth- century.
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