A Calculus of Suffering: Pain, Professionalism, and Anesthesia in Nineteenth-Century America
Pernick, Martin S.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. 421 p.
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Pernick, Martin S. (1983-04)The age-old conflict between preserving life and alleviating pain was especially acute for mid-19th century American physicians, who were trained in a tradition hostile to pain-relieving efforts that involved any risk to ...