Mata tantahi al-hayah
Salami, Muhammad al-Mukhtar
In: Madhkur, Khalid; Sayf, 'Ali; Jundi, Ahmad Raja'i; Abu Ghuddah, 'Abd al-Sattar, eds., Al-hayah al-insaniyah: bidaytuha wa nihaytuha fi al-mafhúm al-Islamí = Human life: its beginning and its end from an Islamic perspective. Sulaibekhat, Kuwait: Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences 1985: 451-460
This paper was read during the symposium held by the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS) in Kuwait during the period 15-17 January 1985 on the beginning and the end of human life. This paper starts with long quotations from early manuals of Islamic jurisprudence showing the deep disagreements among Muslim religious scholars on determining death. The main thesis of this paper is that the end of human life can be divided into a) circumstantial and b) absolute. The circumstantial end of life means that the vital systems, namely the heart and the brain, have both irreversibly stopped. Determining the absolute end of life is, however, impossible in light of the increasing medical advancements which are able to maintain the cardio respiratory function and might be able in future to do the same with brain function.
Biomedical Technologies; Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Cardiac Death; Death; Determination of Death; Dissent; Ethics; Fatwas; Fiqh; Ijtihad; Intensive Care Units; Islamic Ethics; Islamic Jurisprudence; Life; Modern Muslim Religious Scholars; Muslim Religious Scholars; Organ Donation; Pre-Modern Muslim Religious Scholars; Prolongation of Life; Resuscitation; Sharia; Uncertainty; Value of Life; Ventilators; Withholding Treatment; Religious Ethics; Donation / Procurement of Organs and Tissues; Death and Dying; Definition of Death; Prolongation of Life and Euthanasia;
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