Nihayat al-hayah al-insaníyah fi daw' ijtihadat al-'ulama' al-muslimin wa al-mu'tayat al-tibbiyah al-mu'asirah
Yasin, Muhammad Na'im
In: Madhkur, Khalid; Sayf, 'Ali; Jundi, Ahmad Raja'i; Abu Ghuddah, 'Abd al-Sattar, eds., Al-hayah al-insaníyah: bidaytuha wa nihaytuha fi al-mafhum al-Islami = Human life: its beginning and its end from an Islamic perspective. Sulaibekhat, Kuwait: Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences, 1985: 403-428
This paper was read during the symposium held by the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS) in Kuwait during the period 15-17 January 1985 on the beginning and the end of human life. The starting point of this paper is that the scriptural texts are silent about how to determine the exact moment of death. Thus, medical knowledge should play a decisive role in this regard. The paper elaborates in detail on the early discussions of Muslim religious scholars about the relation between soul and body and their understandings of death in their times. The main conclusion was that brain death should be seen as an accepted death criterion from an Islamic perspective.
Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Cardiac Death; Death; Determination of Death; Ethics; Fiqh; Ijtihad; Islamic Ethics; Killing; Knowledge; Life; Modern Muslim Religious Scholars; Muslim Religious Scholars; Organ Donation; Pre-Modern Muslim Religious Scholars; Sharia; Suicide; Sunna; Uncertainty; Value of Life; Ventilators; Withholding Treatment; Religious Ethics; Donation / Procurement of Organs and Tissues; Suicide / Assisted Suicide; Definition of Death; Prolongation of Life and Euthanasia;
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