The Continued Use of Retracted, Invalid Scientific Literature
Pfeifer, Mark P. and Snodgrass, Gwendolyn L.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 263(10): 1420- 1423, 9 March 1990
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Pfeifer, Mark P.; Snodgrass, Gwendolyn L. (1990-03-09)The authors performed a citation analysis on 82 articles retracted because of fraud or error to measure their subsequent use in the scientific literature. The 82 articles were cited 733 times after retraction, with a small ...
Discussions About the Use of Life-Sustaining Treatments: A Literature Review of Physicians' and Patients' Attitudes and Practices Layson, Rita T.; Adelman, Harold M.; Wallach, Paul M.; Pfeifer, Mark P.; Johnston, Sarah; McNutt, Robert A. (End of Life Study Group, 1994)...[C]ommunication with physicians can take various forms, including written advance directives such as living wills or direct discussion. The usefulness of living wills is limited by their vague language and by ...