Female Genital Mutilation: Some Ethical Questions
Davis, Anne J.
Medicine and Law: World Association for Medical Law 1998; 17(2): 143-148
This paper provides some basic information about female genital mutilation (FGM) as a social problem and as a health problem. It includes selected actions taken over the last 45 years by the United Nations regarding FGM. The focus here is on the ethics of individuals and institutions, such as the World Health Organization, attempting to intervene in traditional cultural practices like FGM. This discussion raises some questions about ethical universals and ethical relativism with regards to FGM and the attempts to change or eradicate this practice.
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Gibeau, Anne M. (1998)Female genital mutilation (FGM) is of growing concern to health care providers in the United States and Canada as more women from countries where the procedure is practiced emigrate to North America. An introduction to ...
Turillazzi, E.; Fineschi, V. (2007-02)Despite global and local attempts to end female genital mutilation (FGM), the practice persists in some parts of the world and has spread to non-traditional countries through immigration. FGM is of varying degrees of ...