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dc.creatorMüller, Sabineen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-08T23:09:28Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-08T23:09:28Zen
dc.date.created2009-01en
dc.date.issued2009-01en
dc.identifierdoi:10.1080/15265160802588194en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationAmerican Journal of Bioethics 2009 January; 9(1): 36-43en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/952359en
dc.identifier.urihttp://worldcatlibraries.org/registry/gateway?version=1.0&url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&atitle=Body+integrity+identity+disorder+is+the+amputation+of+healthy+limbs+ethically+justified?&title=American+Journal+of+Bioethics+&volume=9&issue=1&date=2009-01&au=Müller,+Sabineen
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265160802588194en
dc.description.abstractThe term body integrity identity disorder (BIID) describes the extremely rare phenomenon of persons who desire the amputation of one or more healthy limbs or who desire a paralysis. Some of these persons mutilate themselves; others ask surgeons for an amputation or for the transection of their spinal cord. Psychologists and physicians explain this phenomenon in quite different ways; but a successful psychotherapeutic or pharmaceutical therapy is not known. Lobbies of persons suffering from BIID explain the desire for amputation in analogy to the desire of transsexuals for surgical sex reassignment. Medical ethicists discuss the controversy about elective amputations of healthy limbs: on the one hand the principle of autonomy is used to deduce the right for body modifications; on the other hand the autonomy of BIID patients is doubted. Neurological results suggest that BIID is a brain disorder producing a disruption of the body image, for which parallels for stroke patients are known. If BIID were a neuropsychological disturbance, which includes missing insight into the illness and a specific lack of autonomy, then amputations would be contraindicated and must be evaluated as bodily injuries of mentally disordered patients. Instead of only curing the symptom, a causal therapy should be developed to integrate the alien limb into the body image.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languageenen
dc.sourceeweb:322796en
dc.subjectAnalogyen
dc.subjectAutonomyen
dc.subjectBrainen
dc.subjectEthicistsen
dc.subjectInjuriesen
dc.subjectIllnessen
dc.subjectParalysisen
dc.subjectPatientsen
dc.subjectPhysiciansen
dc.subjectSufferingen
dc.subject.classificationPhilosophical Ethicsen
dc.subject.classificationValue / Quality of Lifeen
dc.subject.classificationNeurosciences and Mental Health Therapiesen
dc.subject.classificationHealth Care for Particular Diseases or Groupsen
dc.titleBody Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) -- Is the Amputation of Healthy Limbs Ethically Justified?en
dc.provenanceCitation prepared by the Library and Information Services group of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University for the ETHXWeb database.en
dc.provenanceCitation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named EWEB hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection EthxWeb hosted by DigitalGeorgetown.en


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