Social Cognitive Theory as a Predictor of Dietary Behavior and Leisure Time Physical Activity Behavior in Middle-Aged Asian Indian Women Residing in United States
International quarterly of community health education 2009-2010; 30(3): 257-69
The purpose of the study was to determine to what extent expectations, self-control, and self-efficacy from the social cognitive theory account for variance in the dietary behaviors and leisure time physical activity of middle-aged Asian Indian women residing in Chicago. Dietary behavior was broken down into fruit and vegetable consumption and number of portions consumed. Data was collected from a sample of 200 participants in Chicago over a span of 1 month. Valid and reliable subscales were developed for the study. Descriptive statistics, stepwise multiple regressions, and Pearson correlations were used to analyze the data. Results indicated expectations for leisure time physical activity and self-control as predictive for leisure time physical activity (adjusted R² = 0.14). No relationships were seen with the constructs of the social cognitive theory with number of portions and fruit and vegetable consumption. Recommendations have been included for future studies.
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