Ethical Implications of Implantable Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) Tags in Humans
Foster, Kenneth R.
American Journal of Bioethics 2008 August; 8(8): 44-48
This article reviews the use of implantable radiofrequency identification (RFID) tags in humans, focusing on the VeriChip (VeriChip Corporation, Delray Beach, FL) and the associated VeriMed patient identification system. In addition, various nonmedical applications for implanted RFID tags in humans have been proposed. The technology offers important health and nonhealth benefits, but raises ethical concerns, including privacy and the potential for coercive implantation of RFID tags in individuals. A national discussion is needed to identify the limits of acceptable use of implantable RFID tags in humans before their use becomes widespread and it becomes too late to prevent misuse of this useful but ethically problematic technology.
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Implanting Inequality: Empirical Evidence of Social and Ethical Risks of Implantable Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) Devices Monahan, Torin; Fisher, Jill A (2010-10)The aim of this study was to assess empirically the social and ethical risks associated with implantable radio-frequency identification (RFID) devices.
HRS/EHRA Expert Consensus on the Monitoring of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs): Description of Techniques, Indications, Personnel, Frequency and Ethical Considerations: Developed in Partnership With the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA); and in Collaboration With the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), the Heart Failure Association of ESC (HFA), And the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA). Endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society, the European Heart Rhythm Association (A Registered Branch of the ESC), the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association Wilkoff, Bruce L.; Auricchio, Angelo; Brugada, Josep; Cowie, Martin; Ellenbogen, Kenneth A.; Gillis, Anne M.; Hayes, David L.; Howlett, Jonathan G.; Kautzner, Josef; Love, Charles J.; Morgan, John M.; Priori, Silvia G.; Reynolds, Dwight W.; Schoenfeld, Mark H.; Vardas, Panos E. (2008-06)