Human Rights and the Requirement for International Medical Aid
Developing World Bioethics 2008 August; 8(2): 151-158
Every year approximately 18 million people die prematurely from treatable medical conditions including infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies. The deaths occur primarily amongst the poorest citizens of poor developing nations. Various groups and individuals have advanced plans for major international medical aid to avert many of these unnecessary deaths. For example, the World Health Organization's Commission on Macroeconomics and Health estimated that eight million premature deaths could be prevented annually by interventions costing roughly US$57 bn per year. This essay advances an argument that human rights require high-income nations to provide such aid. The essay briefly examines John Rawls? obligations of justice and the reasons that their applicability to cases of international medical aid remains controversial. Regardless, the essay argues that purely humanitarian obligations bind the governments and citizens of high-income liberal democracies at a minimum to provide major medical aid to avert premature deaths in poor nations. In refusing to undertake such medical relief efforts, developed nations fail to adequately protect a fundamental human right to life.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Medicine at Risk: The Doctor as Human Rights Abuser and Victim. a Background Paper Prepared by the Medical Office, International Secretariat of Amnesty International, for the Meeting: Medecine a Risques: Risques De Servir La Repression Ou d'en Etre Victime Paris, 19-21 January 1989 Unknown author (Amnesty International, 1989-01-19)
Proposal for a UN Special Rapporteur on the Integrity and Independence of Health Professionals: Joint Statement of the International Council of Nurses, International Pharmaceutical Federation and World Medical Association to the 56th Session Of the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights Unknown author (World Health Professions Alliance, 2000-04)