Prophetic Medicine and Western World
Mortazavi, Seyed Mohammad Javad
Sajjadi, S. Mohammad Ali
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2008;1(15): 50-58 [Online]. Accessed: http://iranmedex.com/english/articles_detail.asp [2010 November 15]
Modern medicine and advances in the health system is due to a great part of the instructions of the prophet of Islam. But, a great part of these accomplishments remained unknown. The great philosophers and physicians of Islam such as Ibn Sina, Razi and Birooni have caused great developments in the different medical fields. Prophetic medicine is a collection of medical orders which was used by the early Moslems as a replacement for Galen medicine. In fact the collectors of these orders were Moslems who used Quranic verses and the Sonah (prophet's lifestyle) as a model for these orders. Later on philosophers such as Adh-Dhahali tried to join the Arabic-Islamic medicine with the Roman medicine. These philosophers used Hippocratic and Galen medicine too. Some of the medical treatments which were used by the Islamic physicians such as Jalal Aldin Alsioti were based on medical knowledge of the prophet's time which was also based on the holy Quran, and the Sonah (life style of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). With all the documentations regarding the role of early Moslem physicians in developing and raising the modern medicine, some western scientists have tried to deny the role of Islam regarding the medicine and health. Manfred Ullman in his book "Islamic Medicine" states that Islam did not bring any change in the medical conditions of the early medicine and in the holy Quran there is no mention of physician and medicine. In this article the role of prophetic medicine in the advancement of medicine and also the roots and causes of the attempts of the western world to downgrade this role has been analyzed.
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