Jayeghah Peyvand Aza Dar Keshwar Haye Islami and Ghir Islami = Human Organ Transplantation in Islamic and Non-Islamic Countries
Shabanzadeh, Ali Reza
First International Congress of Medical Law, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iranian Iranian Research Center for Ethics and Law in Medicine 2007 November 15-16
Autograft a transplant of issue from one to oneself. Sometimes this is done with surplus tissue, or tissue that can regenerate, or tissues more desperately needed elsewhere (examples includes skin crafts, vein extraction for CABG, etc.) Sometimes this is done to remove the tissue and then treat it or the person, before returning it (examples includes stem-cell autograft and storing blood in advance of surgery). Allograft an allograft is a transplanted organ or tissue from genetically non-identical member of the same species. Most human tissue and organ transplants are allograft. Isograft a subset of allograft in which organs or tissues are transplanted from a donor to a genetically identical recipient (such as an identical twin). Sograft are differentiated from other types of transplants because while they are anatomically identical to allograft, they are closer to autograft in terms of the recipient?s immune response. Xenograft and xenotransplantation is a transplant of organs or tissue from one species to another. Xenotransplanation is often an extremely dangerous type of transplant. Examples include porcine heart valves, which are quite common and successful a baboon-to-human heart (failed), and piscine-primate (fish to non human primate) islet(i.e. pancreatic or insular tissue), the latter?s research study directed for potential human use if successful. The religion of Islam strongly believes in the principle of saving human lives. According to A. Sachedina in this Transplantation Proceedings article, Islamic Views on Organ Transplantation, ?The majority of Muslim scholars belonging to various schools of Islamic law has invoked the principle of priority of saving human life and has permitted to organ transplant as a necessity to procure that noble end.?
Blood; Brain; Brain Death; Death; Ethics; Islamic Ethics; Law; Life; Organ Transplantation; Religion; Research; Schools; Schools of Islamic Law; Skin; Surgery; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplantation; Xenotransplantation; Religious Ethics; Artificial and Transplanted Organs or Tissues;
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