Should Rapid Tests for HIV Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance
Smith, Charles B.
Battin, Margaret P.
Francis, Leslie P.
Jacobson, Jay A.
Developing World Bioethics 2007 August; 7(2): 86-103
Since testing for HIV infection became possible in 1985, testing of pregnant women has been conducted primarily on a voluntary, ?opt-in? basis. Faden, Geller and Powers, Bayer, Wilfert, and McKenna, among others, have suggested that with the development of more reliable testing and more effective therapy to reduce maternal-fetal transmission, testing should become either routine with ?opt-out? provisions or mandatory. We ask, in the light of the new rapid tests for HIV, such as OraQuick, and the development of antiretroviral treatment that can reduce maternal-fetal transmission rates to
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