Should Rapid Tests for HIV Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance
Smith, Charles B.
Battin, Margaret P.
Francis, Leslie P.
Jacobson, Jay A.
Developing World Bioethics 2007 August; 7(2): 86-103
Since testing for HIV infection became possible in 1985, testing of pregnant women has been conducted primarily on a voluntary, ?opt-in? basis. Faden, Geller and Powers, Bayer, Wilfert, and McKenna, among others, have suggested that with the development of more reliable testing and more effective therapy to reduce maternal-fetal transmission, testing should become either routine with ?opt-out? provisions or mandatory. We ask, in the light of the new rapid tests for HIV, such as OraQuick, and the development of antiretroviral treatment that can reduce maternal-fetal transmission rates to
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Battin, Margaret P.; Smith, Charles B.; Francis, Leslie P.; Jacobson, Jay A. (2008)
Smith, Charles B.; Battin, Margaret P.; Jacobson, Jay A.; Francis, Leslie P.; Botkin, Jeffrey R.; Asplund, Emily P.; Domek, Gretchen J.; Hawkins, Beverly (2004-05)This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. ...
Francis, Leslie P.; Battin, Margaret P.; Jacobson, Jay A.; Smith, Charles B.; Botkin, Jeffrey (2005-08)In this article, we first document the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. We then argue that this oversight was not benign by considering two ...