Outcome of Assisted Reproduction
Sutcliffe, Alastair G.
Lancet 2007 July 28-August 3; 370(9584): 351-359
In-vitro fertilisation has been done for nearly 30 years; in developed countries at least 1% of births are from assisted reproductive therapies (ART). These children now represent a substantial proportion of the population but little is known about their health. Some of the morbidity associated with ART does not result from the techniques but from the underlying health risks of being subfertile. Much of the amplified risk associated with ART is related to high birth order. However, risk of intrauterine and subsequent perinatal complications is enhanced after ART, and urogenital malformations can be present in boys, even in singleton infants. No increase in discord or other difficulties within families has been recorded. Long-term follow-up of children born after ART to reproductive age and beyond is necessary.
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