Barrås-í barvar ha va ågåh-í zojåiæn-í mutugåzh-í ëhdai-í jånín az sharyetëh tebbi va huguq-í ëhdaye-í janín dar Iran
Journal of Legal Medicine of Islamic Republic of Iran 2007 Summer; 2(7):102-107 Accessed: http://iranmedex.com/english/articles_detail.asp [2010 June 27]
The treatment of infertility by donating embryo is one of the methods to help fertility in couples suffering of infertility. In Iran, after it had been legitimized by religious dignitaries, the way to the implementation of such a method has been paved through a bill passed by the parliament in 2003, but a prerequisite for donating embryo is attention to more ethical considerations which the legislator must explain it specifically and stop the unethical misuses. The applicant also must have more awareness to the medical and legal conditions. In this descriptive study, 86 couples applying to receive donated embryo over a period of six months were interviewed using the census method. The filled questionnaires yielded the data which were later analyzed using tenth version of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Concerning study of infertility, in 93.9% of cases the cause of infertility was male. Any of the couples wasn't afflicted by drug addiction, AIDS, Hepatitis and Mental illness. 91.5% of the couples had no information about the identity of the donor and left the choice to the centre. 70.7% laid importance on moral characteristics 72% of them considered the genetic traits of the ensuing child much important. 59.8% of the couples never thought about the prospective relationship of the ensuing child with the donor as well as the identity problems coming out of the practice. 85.4% of couples would never disclose the embryo donation to the ensuing child. Anonymity of donor and recipient couples makes less legal and sentimental problems for the parents in future. In the other hand, the children?s human right necessitates to inform the manner of conception to them. By the increasing of assisted reproductive birth, the risk of ignorant incest and genetic anomalies will be augmented. These problems lead the parents to tell the truth to their children who were born by embryo donation. As the embryo donation is almost a new technique in our country, a wide distance is seen between some of the attitudes and behaviors with the standard experienced advised one, especially in disclosure the manner of conception to the child and family. More extensive psychological consultation seems necessary to go underway. Moreover, couples need to know more about the legal aspects of embryo donation and how they would have a stronger family relationship between parents and children.
Addiction; Aids; Attitudes; Children; Confidentiality; Consultation; Disclosure; Embryo Donation; Ethics; Family Relationship; Fertility; Hepatitis; Incest; Infertility; Interviews; Islamic Ethics; Illness; Legal Aspects; Methods; Parents; Questionnaires; Risk; Sharia; Social Sciences; Suffering; Religious Ethics; In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer; Donation / Procurement of Organs and Tissues;
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