Comités d'éthique et démocratie (quelques réflexions sur l'exemple français)
Journal International de Bioéthique = International Journal of Bioethics 2007 March-June; 18(1-2): 113-130
Ethics committees are not usually written into the definition of democracy. Their missions are, however part of a search for legitimacy on the part of public authorities. By ensuring the spread of ethical thinking in society by means of their advices and recommendations, national committees contribute to a "concerted process of elaboration of the law of bioethics" beyond the traditional mechanisms of the creation of standards. Their composition, marked by pluralism and a multidisciplinary approach, reveals the search for a certain representativeness. The local committees and groups of ethical thinking, although without a "recommendatory" function, also have a vocation to be part of the organisation of the public debate.
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Comités nationaux d'éthique et démocratie représentative: le nouveau comité allemand d'éthique est-il plus "démocratique"? Dagron, Stéphanie (2007-03)The bill passed in April 2007 by the German parliament aims to confer democratic legitimacy on the German Ethics Committee (deutscher Ethikrat) which has replaced the former National Ethics Committee (nationaler Ethikrat) ...
Réflexions sur l'utilisation du placebo dans la recherche internationale. L'exemple des essais relatifs à la transmission verticale périnatale du virus HIV Delfosse, Marie-Luce (2007-12)This article offers a reflection on certain arguments (for and against) advanced regarding clinical trials against a placebo sponsored by the North to be conducted in the South. The aim is to show the strength and the ...