Comités nationaux d'éthique et démocratie représentative: le nouveau comité allemand d'éthique est-il plus "démocratique"?
Journal International de Bioéthique = International Journal of Bioethics 2007 March-June; 18(1-2): 131-145
The bill passed in April 2007 by the German parliament aims to confer democratic legitimacy on the German Ethics Committee (deutscher Ethikrat) which has replaced the former National Ethics Committee (nationaler Ethikrat) set up in 2001. This law results from a wide debate which began in 2005 within the political parties about the role in democracy of the bodies charged with advising the people's representatives in the areas of biotechnology and modern medicine. In this article, the author explains why it was necessary to confer a certain democratic legitimacy on the new Ethics Committee and analyses the relation that exists between the democratic principle, the work of this type of committee and the national institutional structure retained to stimulate the debate and advise the political decision-makers, and even to prepare legislation concerning bioethics.
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Libre propos en reaction à l'avis du Comité consultatif national d'éthique sur "Santé, éthique et argent: les enjeux éthiques de la contrainte budgétaire sur les dépenses de santé en milieu hospitalier" (Avis 101) Commentary in response to the opinion of the National Consultative Committee of Ethics on "Health, ethics and money: the ethical stakes of budgetary restraint on health expenses in a hospital environment" Houssin, Didier (2008-01)
Martinez, Eric (2007-03)Ethics committees are not usually written into the definition of democracy. Their missions are, however part of a search for legitimacy on the part of public authorities. By ensuring the spread of ethical thinking in society ...