Dëlålåthåý åm~mal-í úsul akhlagh-í peóëshg-í dar ëhdåy-ë gamtë va jånín
Payesh, Journal of The Iranian Institute For Health Sciences Research 2007;4(6): 399-406 Accessed: http://iranmedex.com/english/articles_detail.asp [2010 September 10]
Nowadays, the four principles of medical ethics having the advantage of cultural impartiality are widely used for guidance of decision making regarding ethical issues in medicine. This article is aimed to review the practical implications of each one of these principles in gamete and embryo donation, and gives a general and practical overview regarding of those ethical issues. The following topics are discussed regarding each principle: Respect for Autonomy: Informed consent of donor and recipient (s) of the gamete or embryo; inhibition of coercion; issues regarding sex (or other characteristics) selection; using dead bodies or aborted fetuses as donor; cases of conflict between physician and recipient opinions about discontinuing of the achieved pregnancy. Inclusion of this principle to In Vitro produced embryos and possibility of considering any ?benefit? for a human embryo before transferring to a uterus.Nonmaleficence: Right of recipients to receiving a healthy gamete or embryo (without any known or detectable abnormality), its differences with eugenics, right of transferred embryo to life and Sharia law in Iran Justice: Distributive justice in allocation of donated gametes or embryos and public access to such services, insurance coverage, and right of access to gamete donation for postmenopausal women or couples without normal or apparently persistent relations.
Aborted Fetuses; Autonomy; Beneficence; Coercion; Consent; Decision Making; Donors; Embryo Donation; Embryo Transfer; Embryos; Ethics; Eugenics; Fetuses; Gamete Donation; Gametes; Health; Health Services; In Vitro Fertilization; Informed Consent; Insurance; Insurance Coverage; Justice; Law; Life; Medical Ethics; Medicine; Nonmaleficence; Ovum; Ovum Donors; Principle-Based Ethics; Pregnancy; Reproductive Health Services; Review; Selection for Treatment; Semen Donors; Sharia; Uterus; Philosophical Ethics; Religious Ethics; Value / Quality of Life; Artificial Insemination and Surrogacy; In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer; Cryobanking of Sperm, Ova, or Embryos; Donation / Procurement of Organs and Tissues;
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