HIV and AIDS Stigma Violates Human Rights in Five African Countries
Kohi, Thecla W.
Holzemer, William L.
Phetlhu, Deliwe René
Dlamini, Priscilla S.
Nursing Ethics 2006 July; 13(4): 404-415
The situation and human rights of people living with HIV and AIDS were explored through focus groups in five African countries (Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland and Tanzania). A descriptive qualitative research design was used. The 251 informants were people living with HIV and AIDS, and nurse managers and nurse clinicians from urban and rural settings. NVivo software was used to identify specific incidents related to human rights, which were compared with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The findings revealed that the human rights of people living with HIV and AIDS were violated in a variety of ways, including denial of access to adequate or no health care/services, and denial of home care, termination or refusal of employment, and denial of the right to earn an income, produce food or obtain loans. The informants living with HIV and AIDS were also abused verbally and physically. Country governments and health professionals need to address these issues to ensure the human rights of all people.
Aids; Employment; Focus Groups; Food; Health; Health Care; Home Care; Human Rights; Managers; Qualitative Research; Research; Research Design; Rights; Patient Relationships; Right to Health Care; International and Political Dimensions of Biology and Medicine; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or HIV Infection;
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