Test Tube Babies (2006)
"When the first human egg was fertilized in a lab in 1944, the news spread like wildfire; the press quickly adopted the term "test tube baby." But for decades after the early scientific advance there was little real progress; researchers could not keep the fertilized eggs alive. Moreover, their efforts were entangled in a national moral debate. Despite the controversy, one maverick scientist at New York's Columbia Presbyterian Hospital refused to give up his pursuit. Dr. Landrum Shettles pushed the envelope with relentless experimentation, and in 1973 agreed to help a couple from Florida who had exhausted all other fertility treatments. John and Doris Del-Zio were willing to be the first couple to conceive a baby outside the mother's body. But this decision placed them squarely in the middle of an emotionally charged debate and a very public lawsuite against Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, British researchers were racing toward the same goal - to successfully create the world's first test tube baby. On July 25, 1978, a healthy baby girl, Louise Brown, was born in England - the first child ever to be conceived outside the womb. England's success spurred American scientists into action and privately funded research gained momentum. Finally, after more than a year of trial and error, Elizabeth Carr, America's first test tube baby, was born on December 28, 1981. This American Experience tells the story of doctors, resarchers, and hopeful couples who pushed the limits of science and triggered a technological revolution in human reproduction. In so doing, they landed at the center of a controversy whose reverberations continue to this day." [description from the DVD case] Associated website is at: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/babies/
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