Using Criminalization and Due Process to Reduce Scientific Misconduct
Sovacool, Benjamin K.
American Journal of Bioethics [Online]. 2005 September- October; 5(5): W1-W7
The issue of how to best minimize scientific misconduct remains a controversial topic among bioethicists, professors, policymakers, and attorneys. This paper suggests that harsher criminal sanctions against misconduct, better protections for whistleblowers, and the creation of due process standards for misconduct investigations are urgently needed. Although the causes of misconduct and estimates of problem remain varied, the literature suggests that scientific misconduct-fraud, fabrication, and plagiarism of scientific research-continues to damage public health and trust in science. Providing stricter criminal statutes against misconduct is necessary to motivate whistleblowers and deter wrongdoers, and the provision of basic due process protections is necessary for ensuring a fair and balanced misconduct investigation.
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Exploring Scientific Misconduct: Isolated Individuals, Impure Institutions, or an Inevitable Idiom of Modern Science Sovacool, Benjamin K. (2008-12)This paper identifies three distinct narratives concerning scientific misconduct: a narrative of ?individual impurity? promoted by those wishing to see science self-regulated; a narrative of ?institutional impropriety? ...