Medical End-of-Life Decisions Made for Neonates and Infants in the Netherlands, 1995-2001
Vrakking, Astrid M.
van der Heide, Agnes
Onwuteaka- Philipsen, Bregje D.
Keij-Deerenberg, Ingeborg M.
van der Maas, Paul J.
van der Wal, Gerrit
Lancet 2005 April 9-15; 365(9467): 1329-1331
End-of-life decision-making for severely affected infants might be influenced by technical advances and societal debates. In 2001, we assessed the proportion of deaths of infants younger than 1 year that were preceded by end-of-life decisions, by replicating a questionnaire study from 1995. This proportion increased from 62% to 68% (weighted percentages), but the difference was not significant. Most of these decisions were to forgo life-sustaining treatment. Decisions to actively end the lives of infants not dependent on life-sustaining treatment remained stable at 1%. The practice of end-of-life decision-making in neonatology of 2001 has changed little since 1995.
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Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van der Heide, Agnes; Koper, Dirk; Keij-Deerenberg, Ingeborg; Rietjens, Judith A.C.; Rurup, Mette L.; Vrakking, Astrid M.; Georges, Jean Jacques; Muller, Martien T.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Maas, Paul J. (2003-08-02)Empirical data on the rate of euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and other end-of-life decisions have greatly contributed to the debate about the role of such practices in modern health care. In the Netherlands, the ...
Vrakking, Astrid M.; van der Heide, Agnes; Arts, Willem Frans; Pieters, Rob; van der Voort, Edwin; Rietjens, Judith A.C.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van der Maas, Paul J.; van der Wal, Gerrit (2005-09)
van der Heide, Agnes; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; Rurup, Mette L.; Buiting, Hilde M.; van Delden, Johannes J.M.; Hanssen-de Wolf, Johanna E.; Janssen, Anke G.J.M.; Pasman, H. Roeline W.; Rietjens, Judith A.C.; Prins, Cornelis J.M.; Deerenberg, Ingeborg M.; Gevers, Joseph K.M.; van der Maas, Paul J.; van der Wal, Gerrit (2007-05-10)BACKGROUND: In 2002, an act regulating the ending of life by a physician at the request of a patient with unbearable suffering came into effect in the Netherlands. In 2005, we performed a follow-up study of euthanasia, ...