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dc.creatorGhomashi, S.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-08T23:46:51Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-08T23:46:51Zen
dc.date.created2005en
dc.date.issued2005en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationMedical Journal of Reproduction and Infertility 2005;24(6): 389-375 Accessed: http://iranmedex.com/ english/articles_detail.asp [2010 September 10]en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/984935en
dc.description.abstractThe present article discusses briefly the different reasons for induced abortions and it then seeks the answer to this question by explaining the views of Sunnite jurisprudents on abortion when the continuation of pregnancy threatens the life or the health of the mother. In the author's view, the answer to this question becomes possible after dividing the life of the fetus into two stages, before and after soul inspiration, dividing Sunnite jurisprudents into past and present and also with regard to four major Sunnite schools. In each case we should find the basic criterion and the bases on which the Sunnite jurisprudents have established their views, because this attempt may at least bring to light the decrees on abortion and the reasons for which these decrees have been issued, although they have not been directly stated. The past jurisprudents' views on abortion have the kind of air that abortion after the inspiration of life even for rescuing the mother's life is not permissible, as the fetus in this stage has "self" and a verse in Koran applies to it in this regard, "Do not kill the self as this has been prohibited by God". Regarding different views stated by major Sunnite jurisprudents on abortion before soul inspiration, when the mother's life is in danger it is understood that abortion is not only lawful but also imperative as the fetus has no soul and it does not contradict the mentioned verse of Koran. In the conflict between the life of a being "the mother" and an entity that has no life, soul or self, and it is regarded as an object "the fetus", the life of the one has priority which has soul, as based on the justification for "the least losses" saving the life of the mother is the least loss sustained by the human society. But on abortion after soul inspiration, some contemporary jurisprudents believe that it is considered unlawful if it is committed in the absence of any reasons, but some say it is lawful even in cases where there are no rational excuses for them. Nevertheless both groups believe that if the continuation of pregnancy will threaten the life of the mother, a justifiable reason is met for abortion and it is not only lawful but also obligatory.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languagefaen
dc.sourceeweb:280443en
dc.subjectEthicsen
dc.subjectFatwasen
dc.subjectFetusesen
dc.subjectFiqhen
dc.subjectHaramen
dc.subjectHealthen
dc.subjectIslamic Ethicsen
dc.subjectKoranen
dc.subjectLifeen
dc.subjectMaternal Healthen
dc.subjectPregnancyen
dc.subjectSchoolsen
dc.subjectShariaen
dc.subjectTheologyen
dc.subjectTherapeutic Value of Lifeen
dc.subject.classificationReligious Ethicsen
dc.subject.classificationValue / Quality of Lifeen
dc.subject.classificationScience, Technology, and Societyen
dc.subject.classificationMoral and Religious Aspects of Abortionen
dc.subject.classificationLegal Interests of Woman, Father, Fetus or Abortionen
dc.titleÏsghat-ë åmd-í jänín aó didgah-ë feqh åhl-ë sonnåten
dc.title.alternativeInduced abortion in the views of Sunnite jurisprudenceen
dc.title.alternativeenen
dc.provenanceCitation prepared by the Library and Information Services group of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University for the ETHXWeb database.en
dc.provenanceCitation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named EWEB hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection EthxWeb hosted by DigitalGeorgetown.en


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