Råhýåfthaÿ akhalgh-ï be seghtë janin; ýëk barasi mouredí (Ethical approaches to abortion: a case study)
Medical Journal of Reproduction and Infertility 2005 24(6): 342-321 Accessed: http://iranmedex.com/english/articles_detail.asp [2010 August 30]
In his paper, the author tries to deal with one of the most controversial ethical problems of the modern time from a moral point of view; abortion. Is abortion moral? And can it be justified in any situation? Or it cannot be justified in any case? There are four main ethical approaches to abortion: First, a conservative approach, second, a liberal, third, a moderate, and fourth, a feministic one. None of these approaches seem to be able to justify various kinds of abortion. We need to deal with every case separately and try to assess its morality. Accepting this view, the author tries to face abortion due to rape and he argues that this kind of abortion may rest its reasons on four principles: Autonomy, justice principles, self-defense, and the responsibility of society toward the pregnant woman as a victim of violence and rape. According to these principles, if a woman is raped and becomes pregnant, it is her personal choice to continue her pregnancy or abort it. Then the author goes into some jurisprudential details from an Islamic perspective and tries to defend his position by citing some famous Islamic legal decisions, or "Fatwa?s.
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