Euthanasia and Other End-of-Life Decisions in the Netherlands in 1990, 1995, and 2001
Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.
van der Heide, Agnes
Rietjens, Judith A.C.
Rurup, Mette L.
Vrakking, Astrid M.
Georges, Jean Jacques
Muller, Martien T.
van der Wal, Gerrit
van der Maas, Paul J.
Lancet 2003 August 2; 362(9381): 395-399
Empirical data on the rate of euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and other end-of-life decisions have greatly contributed to the debate about the role of such practices in modern health care. In the Netherlands, the continuing debate about whether and when physician-assisted dying is acceptable seems to be resulting in a gradual stabilisation of end-of-life practices. We replicated interview and death-certificate studies done in 1990 and 1995 to investigate whether end-of-life practices had altered between 1995 and 2001. Since 1995, the demand for physician-assisted death has not risen among patients and physicians, who seem to have become somewhat more reluctant in their attitude towards this practice.
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Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van der Heide, Agnes; Muller, Martien T.; Rurup, Mette; Rietjens, Judith A.C.; Georges, Jean- Jacques; Vrakking, Astrid M.; Cuperus-Bosma, Jacqueline M.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Maas, Paul J. (2005-09-24)
van der Heide, Agnes; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; Rurup, Mette L.; Buiting, Hilde M.; van Delden, Johannes J.M.; Hanssen-de Wolf, Johanna E.; Janssen, Anke G.J.M.; Pasman, H. Roeline W.; Rietjens, Judith A.C.; Prins, Cornelis J.M.; Deerenberg, Ingeborg M.; Gevers, Joseph K.M.; van der Maas, Paul J.; van der Wal, Gerrit (2007-05-10)BACKGROUND: In 2002, an act regulating the ending of life by a physician at the request of a patient with unbearable suffering came into effect in the Netherlands. In 2005, we performed a follow-up study of euthanasia, ...
Vrakking, Astrid M.; van der Heide, Agnes; Onwuteaka- Philipsen, Bregje D.; Keij-Deerenberg, Ingeborg M.; van der Maas, Paul J.; van der Wal, Gerrit (2005-04-09)End-of-life decision-making for severely affected infants might be influenced by technical advances and societal debates. In 2001, we assessed the proportion of deaths of infants younger than 1 year that were preceded by ...